The Armenians and their contribution to late medieval Middle Eastern History (ca. 1000-1500 CE)” is a multi-disciplinary project that considers the wider historical and cultural context. Certainly, anyone with a deep interest in Middle Eastern, Caucasian and Mediterranean history in this period should consider the role of the Armenians. The 11th century saw the large-scale migration of Armenians to southwest Anatolia, into an area called Cilicia, with the eventual establishment of an Armenian state. As in the Armenian homeland to the north, Armenian Cilicia dealt with the influx of Seljuq-led Turcomans. Crusaders entering the country, and then moving south, towards the end of the 11th century created more challenges. Through the 12th century modi vivendi were worked out with these groups, but the coming of the Mongols in the 1230s necessitated a strategic change. Both Armenian polities enthusiastically joined the Mongol imperial project. In the long-run, however, the Mongols were unable to provide protection to Cilicia, and after 1260 the Mamluks of Syria and Egypt overran the country, eliminating Armenian independence there in 1375.
The Armenians were key players in the politics of the time, and should be taken into account to properly understand regional developments, while the wider context must be considered to fully appreciate internal Armenian cultural, social and political changes. There has been interesting and important research on these topics, but there is still much to do. We thus call for two workshops.
- “The Armenians face new challenges: Seljuqs and Crusaders (1000-1240)”
- “The Armenians and new world orders: Mongols and Mamluks (1240-1500)”
Prof. Reuven Amitai, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Prof. Valentina Calzolari, University of Geneva
Prof. emeritus Michael E. Stone, Hebrew University of JerusalemProf. Michal Biran, Hebrew University of Jerusalem Prof. Ronni Ellenblum, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Yoav Loaff, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Dr. Yana Tchekhanovets, Israel Antiquities Authority
Prof. Bruce Fudge, University of Geneva
Sara Scarpellini, University of Geneva